Europe's most active volcano
Etna is called Mungibeddu or ‘a Muntagna by the Sicilians, since it is recognised as the Mountain par excellence. It is located 30 km from the city of Catania, on the eastern side of Sicily. Apart from the Alps, it is the highest Italian peak, although its size varies constantly over time as it is a volcano. At present, its height is 3340 m above sea level, with a diameter of 45 km.
Mount Etna is the most active volcano in Europe. The urbanised area (consisting of small and medium-sized towns) reaches 1,000 metres, while the cultivated and wooded areas reach up to 1,500 metres (the land is, in fact, made fertile by volcanic debris and is therefore perfect for agriculture).
Etna has a great geological and landscape variety (dense forests with endemic species, desert areas covered with volcanic rocks that are covered with snow during the winter): this is why a large part of its territory has been included in the Etna Natural Park.
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